Madrid Spain History
The history of Madrid as we know it unfolds over several centuries, from the 9th to the 11th century, as this article reveals. The actual foundation of Madrid took place with the construction of a castle, which Muhammad of Cordoba built in the 9th century on the site of the present Palacio de Real. Madrid remained in Muslim hands until it was handed over to a forerunner of our modern Spanish state some 11,000 years ago, who eventually returned it to its original owner, the forerunner of Spain.
Madrid did not change its status as a small town until 1561, when Philip II decided to build a royal court in the city, at that time it was still a smaller city. The seat of the Spanish court was again transferred to Valladolid in 1601, but was finally returned to Madrid five years later.
The city expanded in the later part of the 19th century and began building roads and railways at the end of the century, which today connect Madrid with the other cities in Spain. Like any other city, Madrid, the capital of Spain, experienced the changes caused by these openings and was full of theatres, cafes, newspapers, etc.
When the Military Directorate was founded in 1923, the then King of Spain, Alfonso XIII, fled to Madrid and the country. The Spanish parliament was dissolved and Madrid became the permanent capital of Spain. This heralded a period of increasing importance that would have a major impact on the history of Madrid and Spain. Throughout the 20th century, Madrid was confirmed as the capital of Spain by the 1978 Spanish Constitution, following the death of General Franco.
Spanish Civil War, the Spanish government of the Second Republic moved temporarily first to Valencia and then to Barcelona. The former capital was Valladolid, and the Spanish capital was chosen as Madrid, an old Castilian city, to replace the former court house in Valladolid. This made Madrid the capital of Spain and the administrative seat of the Kingdom, making it one of the most important cities in the world.
The city continued to grow and the Spanish court was finally moved from its location in Toledo to Madrid in 1561. Later Enrique III ordered the construction of a new court house in the city, the first of its kind in Spain, but this director did not succeed in uniting Madrid as a whole, which further impoverished the towns on the outskirts while the towns around them continued to flourish. In 1560, King Philip II moved the capital of the Kingdom of Spain from Toledo to attract a large influx of people from the part of the Spanish Empire.
The following century proved to be extremely bloody for Madrid, as the city became the scene of the Spanish War of Independence, in which the royal family was forcibly driven out of the palace. The Second Spanish Republic came in 1931 and life in Madrid changed dramatically as Spain moved to a system of democratic government. In 1936, the Second Spanish Republic culminated in the Spanish Civil War, during which Madrid was severely damaged.
While the former capital Seville still had great commercial power, it was controlled by the new court in Madrid, with the exception of the royal family.
However, Madrid became the official capital of Spain only in 1561, a role it has held ever since. Charles I moved the farm to Madrid in 1561 and the city became the Spanish capital. The Spanish constitution of 1931 was the first to prescribe a capital by law and to explicitly specify it in Madrid. In 1983 Madrid became part of the Autonomous Community of Madrid, which was established by law in 1981.
The Castilian monarchs favoured the city after the foundation of the "Madrid" country and gave it political power by allowing the region to host the Castilian courts. By 1561 it had become so well known that the Spanish court permanently moved its seat to Madrid.
The Christians of northern Spain continued their conquest of Al Andalus and Muslim areas in Spain in the Middle Ages and then settled in Madrid. Although Madrid had mainly Christian kings, many Sephardic Jews and Moors left Madrid and were finally expelled at the end of the 15th century.
The country of Madrid was established, including the various provinces that were founded in the region of Madrid. The region grew with its foundation, and the military post was called Fortress Madrid, which became the foundation of the city itself. Because of its location in Madrid, it was an ideal garrison for the armed forces during its time, and Madrid was founded.
After La Reconquista ended at the beginning of the 14th century, Madrid began to grow with the construction of the Palacio de la Repubblica de Madrid and the Palace of Madrid, as well as other buildings.